Do not forget, whenever the executive ceases to control the will of the people - democracy turns into a dictatorship! Meet the real face of the European Union.
Zgrada Europske komisije
autor: JLogan, izvor: Wikipedija
Solid bureaucratic towerThe EU institutions are : the European Parliament , the European Council , the Council ( Council of the EU or the Council of Ministers ) , the European Commission, the European Court of Justice , the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors .EU legal order is autonomous and distinct from orders zamalja States and of international law . Its main feature is that it is restrictive on the legal systems of member states : limits the regulatory autonomy of the Member States in the field of civil, criminal , labor , and even constitutional law and creates obligations for Member States and for their institutions of legislative, executive and judicial power .EU powers ( which show that the Union manages life residents of Member States from cradle to grave ) are divided into exclusive , shared and complementary :A. The exclusive powers include :First a customs union ;Second establishment of competition rules for the functioning of the internal market ;Third monetary policy for the Member States whose currency is the Euro ;4th conservation of marine biological resources under the common fisheries policy ;Fifth common commercial policy ;6th international agreements .B. Divided powers (those which the EU and its member states are divided , but the EU can take some of these areas of regulation , in which case members lose their right to govern themselves and the area ) are :1 internal market ;Second social policy ;Third economic, social and territorial cohesion ;4th agriculture and fisheries ;Fifth environment ;6th consumer protection ;7th transport ;8th European networks ;9th energy ;10th freedom , security and justice ;11th common security issues in matters of public health .C. Complementary authority ( in which the EU has the power to support , coordinate and complement the activities of the Member States ) are :1st protection and improvement of human health ;Second industry ;Third culture ;4th tourism ;5th education , vocational training , youth and sport ;6th civil protection ;7th administrative protection .Many unions in institutionsHeads of state , heads of state or prime ministers of the member countries make up the European Council , to which the Lisbon Treaty was not an EU institution in the strict sense . Chaired by the President for a term of 30 months and can be renewed . He represents the EU in international relations .Council of the EU ( which is sometimes called the Council of Ministers ) made up of 27 government ministers . It plays a fundamental role in the economic , foreign and security policy . Majority voting instead of unanimity will be an increasingly frequent occurrence . The EU also has foreign minister called the High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy ( also Vice President of the Commission ) .The EU still has a whole range of institutions - central banks, investment banks , Ombudsman , Court of Auditors , Committee of the Regions , Economic and Social Committee ...The European Council , with the confirmation of Parliament chooses the president of the European Commission , and he himself ( with the consent of the Council of the EU ) chooses the members of the European Commission and then the Council shall be appointed by the Commission upon the approval of Parliament . A lot of the bodies involved , but with a little lobbying President of the Commission asks the Commission does what he wants. Only the Commission proposes legislation , implements policy , budget , manage programs , representing the European Union in international negotiations . Although the implementation of European legislation generally left to the Member States , the Commission may adopt the implementing legislation .Each member of the Commission is entitled to one or more departments of the Commission , also called Directorate-General ( Directorate General - DG ) . At the head of each of DG is general manager, and each is divided into general management administration which are headed by directors . Special units consisting of legal and translation services of the Commission .European Commissioners are the real rulers of the Union . The Commission is fully supranational , and members of the Commission agrees that its activities do not represent the country they come from , or where they are nationals, it does not receive instructions from their governments or other institutions of the Union , but to act solely in the interests of the Union .Parliament or chatrooms ?Parliament " representing the people " but , surprisingly , not enact laws nor has the power to propose laws ! It was not until the Treaty of Lisbon of its powers the Council of Ministers begins a little to share with the Parliament . This is called " co-decision " (This procedure will explain later ) .Lawmakers can only discuss already proposed legislation and give their opinions on them , while representing the views of the supranational European parties to which they belong . In this parliament Croatia would enter you into the Union , had probably 12 deputies , as the total number of 736 members makes 1.6 % of MPs , which is less than the average statistical error .
Gigantski europski parlament
izvor fotografije: The Telegraph
Unelected European presidentThe Union has a leader , the President of the European Council . Who is he ? Who chose him ? President of the half a billion Europeans, not elected by the people , it sets the European Council . This function , along with an amazing feature of the European Parliament to independently do not pass laws and the tendency of the European Commission to behave like the Soviet Politburo , surely one of najnedemokratskijih institutions in the world .The institution of the President of the European Council has just introduced by the Lisbon Treaty . This system was abolished in the six-month rotating presidency with Member States , although the six-month rotation remains reserved for the purpose of presiding over all configurations of the Council of Ministers , except when it meets in the composition of the foreign ministers .The President of the European Council , among other powers stipulated in Article 15 of the Treaty on European Union represents the EU in international relations . In other words , the citizens of Europe represents someone they did not choose . The first President of the Council - formerly the European level largely unknown Flemish apparatchik Herman Van Rompuy , came into office on 1 Dec 2009. Year . His monthly salary 234,480.30 kunas .
Illusions of democracy in Europe...............................................................................................................................................MEPs do not represent their member states have been organized in the European political groups ( parties ) . Even the Council of the EU can not propose a single law : all the power in the Union in the hands of an unelected dictatorial Committee - European Commission .Parliamentary driving in roundaboutThe existence of the Parliament , members elected by the citizens of the member states in the election, creating the illusion that the EU democracy . But the EU is mainly manages the process of " co-decision " which includes two further bodies , and completely marginalises the role of parliament . ( There are worse proceedings when Parliament only gives an opinion , but they are rarely used . ) Parliament has formally legislative powers , but we know the procedure , we see that they are unacceptable miserable . In this way, the EU has managed to achieve a scandalous democratic deficit .Of course , not all countries are equally represented in the Parliament : the larger the country " more equal " than the smaller ones. Thus Germany has the most representatives ( 99 ) , and at least Malta ( 5 ) . The number of vacant posts " take into account " the population of a country , but it does not fully reflect . The total number of deputies in the assembly of 2009th-2014th is even 736 How could such a huge body could discuss anything well and produce ? For the President of the 2009th elected Jerzy Buzek .the most powerful isThe European Commission( unelected body ) forming the agenda for debate . Theoretically , Member States may nominate commissioners for whom they want, but it will take someone who " has experience in politics and foreign affairs and seeking a new direction in my career ." In reality , with some lobbying , will be decided by the powerful chairman of the Commission . The fact that the de facto authority itself , appoints and determines the topics for discussion , implements policy , budget , manage programs , representing the EU , and is only authorized to propose legislation , clearly testifies to the fact that it is anon-elected dictatorial Committee .The Council of Ministers : the quasi - institutionsThe Council of the European Union ( Council of Ministers ) is composed of representatives of the Member States governments . Each country belongs to a certain number of votes in the Council . Unlike the Commission , that are active government officials , not retired politicians and ambassadors and similar waste as politically powerful Barroso likes to see in his Commission .Council of the EU is actually a quasi - institutions , but there's also people who should be experts in their field . Therefore, it is bizarre thatnor that the Council can propose a law .Legally , the Council is a single body, in reality consists of several councils . The ministerial composition varies depending on the topic being discussed . As a rule, participate in the work of foreign ministers , however, when discussing agriculture , participating ministers of agriculture , when it comes to traffic , transport ministers involved , etc. That's why he coined the name " The Council of the countless faces ." The duty of the Chairman of the Council alternately perform the Member States for a period of six months. Within the EU Council acting and various subsidiary bodies that assist the Council in the successful from carrying out its tasks . These are : the rotating Presidency of the Committee of Permanent Representatives , the working group of experts , the General Secretariat of the Council .The Council is the regulatory body of the EU , and " co-decides " in the legislative process with the Parliament , but in some areas hasindependent legislative power ,with the obligation of consulting Parliament . In the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy Council decides independently.The Council shall decide by unanimous vote , a simple majority of the members , and the most qualified majority . In the latter case, the votes of Member States shall be weighted , and each member belongs to a different number of votes .The largest states - France , Germany , Italy and the United Kingdom have 29 votes , Poland and Spain 27 , Romania 14 , Netherlands 13 , Belgium , Czech Republic , Greece , Hungary and Portugal at 12 , Austria , Bulgaria and Sweden 10 , Denmark , Ireland , Lithuania , Slovakia and Finland at 7 , Cyprus , Estonia , Latvia , Luxembourg and Slovenia 4 and finally a small Malta 3rd Total 345 votes .The term qualified majority refers to the number of votes needed to Council adopted a specific decision . The adoption of certain proposals necessary to meet the two, and in some cases three conditions : 1 ) 255 out of 345 votes held by the member states of the EU , 2 ) voices must come from the majority of member states , 3 ) a qualified majority must represent at least 62 % EU population ( satisfying this condition is checked at the request of any member State ) . To reject the proposal is necessary to achieve the 88 votes . Qualified majority voting was introduced to allow for easier decision-making in the EU Council . Prior to its introduction adopting the proposal was conditional on consensus of the Member States of any proposal , which has significantly slowed down decision-making in the Union . Over time, the qualified majority voting extended to many areas ( single market , economic and social cohesion , security , health workers , etc. ) , while the consensus held in " sensitive " areas (foreign policy , tax policy , etc. ) .